Staff directory Javier Troyano Prieto

Publications

2018

  • A Self-Folding Polymer Film Based on Swelling Metal–Organic Frameworks

    Troyano J., Carné-Sánchez A., Pérez-Carvajal J., León-Reina L., Imaz I., Cabeza A., Maspoch D. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition; 57 (47): 15420 - 15424. 2018. 10.1002/anie.201808433. IF: 12.102

    Herein, we exploit the well-known swelling behaviour of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) to create a self-folding polymer film. Namely, we show that incorporating crystals of the flexible MOF MIL-88A into a polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) matrix affords a polymer composite film that undergoes reversible shape transformations upon exposure to polar solvents and vapours. Since the self-folding properties of this film correlate directly with the swelling properties of the MIL-88A crystals, it selectively bends to certain solvents and its degree of folding can be controlled by controlling the relative humidity. Moreover, it shows a shape-memory effect at relative humidity values from 60 % to 90 %. As proof of concept, we demonstrate that these composite films can lift cargo and can be used to assemble 3D structures from 2D patterns. Our strategy is a straightforward method for designing autonomous soft materials with folding properties that can be tuned by judicious choice of the constituent flexible MOF. © 2018 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


  • Aqueous production of spherical Zr-MOF beads: Via continuous-flow spray-drying

    Avci-Camur C., Troyano J., Pérez-Carvajal J., Legrand A., Farrusseng D., Imaz I., Maspoch D. Green Chemistry; 20 (4): 873 - 878. 2018. 10.1039/c7gc03132g. IF: 8.586

    Porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are attracting great attention from industry, thanks to their myriad potential applications in areas such as catalysis and gas storage. Zr-MOFs (also known as UiO-type MOFs) are especially promising, owing to their large surface areas, high chemical versatility and remarkable hydrothermal, chemical and thermal stabilities. However, among the challenges currently precluding the industrial exploitation of MOFs is the lack of green methods for their synthesis. Herein we describe a continuous-flow spray-drying method for the simultaneous synthesis and shaping of spherical MOF microbeads in a mixture of water and acetic acid. We used this approach to build two archetypical Zr-MOFs: UiO-66-NH2 and Zr-fumarate. By tuning the concentration of acetic acid in water, we were able to produce, by a scalable process, UiO-66-NH2 and Zr-fumarate beads with SBET and water-sorption values comparable to the literature values obtained with other methods. © 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


  • Reversible Thermochromic Polymeric Thin Films Made of Ultrathin 2D Crystals of Coordination Polymers Based on Copper(I)-Thiophenolates

    Troyano J., Castillo O., Martínez J.I., Fernández-Moreira V., Ballesteros Y., Maspoch D., Zamora F., Delgado S. Advanced Functional Materials; 28 (5, 1704040) 2018. 10.1002/adfm.201704040. IF: 13.325

    A one-pot reaction between Cu(BF4)2·xH2O and 4-mercaptobenzoic acid in acetone or methanol gives rise to the formation of lamellar microcrystals of two Cu(I)-thiophenolate-based coordination polymers (CPs) with the formulas [CuCT] n (1) (CT = 4-carboxy-thiophenolate) and [CuMCT]n (2) (MCT = 4-methoxycarbonyl-thiophenolate). Both 1 and 2 show a reversible luminescent thermochromic behavior upon cooling, changing their color from pale yellow to green to orange in the case of 1, and from pale orange to green in the case of 2. It is shown that the lamellar character of these crystals, which exhibit micrometer lateral dimensions and sub-micrometer/nanometer thicknesses, allows processing them with an organic polymer such as polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) to form thermochromic 1@PVDF and 2@PVDF thin films. These thermal stimuli-responsive thin films are freestanding, free of macroscopic defects, and robust under mechanical bending stress, opening up the possibility to use them in, for example, 2D imaging sensor films. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


2017

  • Systematic study of the impact of MOF densification into tablets on textural and mechanical properties

    Dhainaut J., Avci-Camur C., Troyano J., Legrand A., Canivet J., Imaz I., Maspoch D., Reinsch H., Farrusseng D. CrystEngComm; 19 (29): 4211 - 4218. 2017. 10.1039/c7ce00338b. IF: 3.474

    Four different metal-organic framework powders (UiO-66, UiO-66-NH2, UiO-67, and HKUST-1) were shaped into tablets. The effect of the applied pressure on porous properties, mechanical resistance and tablet bulk density is reported. We observe a linear relationship between densification and tensile strength for all four studied MOFs, with the slope being MOF-dependent. We also report conditions for improving significantly the volumetric uptake. Finally, we evaluated our tablets' stability over time in the presence of moisture. © 2017 The Royal Society of Chemistry.