Staff directory Guillermo Arregui Bravo

Guillermo Arregui Bravo

Doctoral Student
FI (BIST)
guillermo.arregui(ELIMINAR)@icn2.cat
Phononic and Photonic Nanostructures

Publications

2019

  • Anderson Photon-Phonon Colocalization in Certain Random Superlattices

    Arregui G., Lanzillotti-Kimura N.D., Sotomayor-Torres C.M., García P.D. Physical Review Letters; 122 (4, 043903) 2019. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.043903. IF: 9.227

    Fundamental observations in physics ranging from gravitational wave detection to laser cooling of a nanomechanical oscillator into its quantum ground state rely on the interaction between the optical and the mechanical degrees of freedom. A key parameter to engineer this interaction is the spatial overlap between the two fields, optimized in carefully designed resonators on a case-by-case basis. Disorder is an alternative strategy to confine light and sound at the nanoscale. However, it lacks an a priori mechanism guaranteeing a high degree of colocalization due to the inherently complex nature of the underlying interference processes. Here, we propose a way to address this challenge by using GaAs/AlAs vertical distributed Bragg reflectors with embedded geometrical disorder. Because of a remarkable coincidence in the physical parameters governing light and motion propagation in these two materials, the equations for both longitudinal acoustic waves and normal-incidence light become practically equivalent for excitations of the same wavelength. This guarantees spatial overlap between the electromagnetic and displacement fields of specific photon-phonon pairs, leading to strong light-matter interaction. In particular, a statistical enhancement in the vacuum optomechanical coupling rate, go, is found, making this system a promising candidate to explore Anderson localization of high frequency (∼20 GHz) phonons enabled by cavity optomechanics. The colocalization effect shown here unlocks the access to unexplored localization phenomena and the engineering of light-matter interactions mediated by Anderson-localized states. © 2019 American Physical Society.


  • Coherent generation and detection of acoustic phonons in topological nanocavities

    Arregui G., Ortíz O., Esmann M., Sotomayor-Torres C.M., Gomez-Carbonell C., Mauguin O., Perrin B., Lemaître A., García P.D., Lanzillotti-Kimura N.D. APL Photonics; 4 (3, 030805) 2019. 10.1063/1.5082728. IF: 4.383

    Inspired by concepts developed for fermionic systems in the framework of condensed matter physics, topology and topological states are recently being explored also in bosonic systems. Recently, some of these concepts have been successfully applied to acoustic phonons in nanoscale multilayered systems. The reported demonstration of confined topological phononic modes was based on Raman scattering spectroscopy [M. Esmann et al., Phys. Rev. B 97, 155422 (2018)], yet the resolution did not suffice to determine lifetimes and to identify other acoustic modes in the system. Here, we use time-resolved pump-probe measurements using an asynchronous optical sampling (ASOPS) technique to overcome these resolution limitations. By means of one-dimensional GaAs/AlAs distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) used as building blocks, we engineer high frequency (∼200 GHz) topological acoustic interface states. We are able to clearly distinguish confined topological states from stationary band edge modes. The generation/detection scheme reflects the symmetry of the modes directly through the selection rules, evidencing the topological nature of the measured confined state. These experiments enable a new tool in the study of the more complex topology-driven phonon dynamics such as phonon nonlinearities and optomechanical systems with simultaneous confinement of light and sound. © 2019 Author(s).


  • Synchronization of Optomechanical Nanobeams by Mechanical Interaction

    Colombano M.F., Arregui G., Capuj N.E., Pitanti A., Maire J., Griol A., Garrido B., Martinez A., Sotomayor-Torres C.M., Navarro-Urrios D. Physical Review Letters; 123 (1, 017402) 2019. 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.017402. IF: 9.227

    The synchronization of coupled oscillators is a phenomenon found throughout nature. Mechanical oscillators are paradigmatic examples, but synchronizing their nanoscaled versions is challenging. We report synchronization of the mechanical dynamics of a pair of optomechanical crystal cavities that, in contrast to previous works performed in similar objects, are intercoupled with a mechanical link and support independent optical modes. In this regime they oscillate in antiphase, which is in agreement with the predictions of our numerical model that considers reactive coupling. We also show how to temporarily disable synchronization of the coupled system by actuating one of the cavities with a heating laser, so that both cavities oscillate independently. Our results can be upscaled to more than two cavities and pave the way towards realizing integrated networks of synchronized mechanical oscillators. © 2019 American Physical Society.


2018

  • All-optical radio-frequency modulation of Anderson-localized modes

    Arregui G., Navarro-Urrios D., Kehagias N., Torres C.M.S., García P.D. Physical Review B; 98 (18, 180202) 2018. 10.1103/PhysRevB.98.180202. IF: 3.813

    All-optical modulation of light relies on exploiting intrinsic material nonlinearities [V. R. Almeida, Nature 431, 1081 (2004)NATUAS0028-083610.1038/nature02921]. However, this optical control is rather challenging due to the weak dependence of the refractive index and absorption coefficients on the concentration of free carriers in standard semiconductors [R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, Proc. SPIE 704, 32 (1987)PSISDG0277-786X10.1117/12.937193]. To overcome this limitation, resonant structures with high spatial and spectral confinement are carefully designed to enhance the stored electromagnetic energy, thereby requiring lower excitation power to achieve significant nonlinear effects [K. Nozaki, Nat. Photonics 4, 477 (2010)1749-488510.1038/nphoton.2010.89]. Small mode-volume and high-quality (Q)-factor cavities also offer an efficient coherent control of the light field and the targeted optical properties. Here, we report on optical resonances reaching Q∼105 induced by disorder on photonic/phononic-crystal waveguides. At relatively low excitation powers (below 1mW), these cavities exhibit nonlinear effects leading to periodic (up to ∼35 MHz) oscillations of their resonant wavelength. Our system represents a test bed to study the interplay between structural complexity and material nonlinearities and their impact on localization phenomena and introduces a different functionality to the toolset of disordered photonics. © 2018 American Physical Society.


  • Optical modulation of coherent phonon emission in optomechanical cavities

    Maire J., Arregui G., Capuj N.E., Colombano M.F., Griol A., Martinez A., Sotomayor-Torres C.M., Navarro-Urrios D. APL Photonics; 3 (12, 126102) 2018. 10.1063/1.5040061. IF: 0.000

    Optomechanical (OM) structures are well suited to study photon-phonon interactions, and they also turn out to be potential building blocks for phononic circuits and quantum computing. In phononic circuits, in which information is carried and processed by phonons, OM structures could be used as interfaces to photons and electrons thanks to their excellent coupling efficiency. Among the components required for phononic circuits, such structures could be used to create coherent phonon sources and detectors, but more complex functions remain challenging. Here, we propose and demonstrate a way to modulate the coherent phonon emission from OM crystals by a photothermal effect induced by an external laser, effectively creating a phonon switch working at ambient conditions of pressure and temperature and the working speed of which is only limited by the build-up time of the mechanical motion of the OM structure. We additionally demonstrate two other modulation schemes: modulation of harmonics in which the mechanical mode remains active but different harmonics of the optical force are used, and modulation to and from a chaotic regime. Furthermore, due to the local nature of the photothermal effect used here, we expect this method to allow us to selectively modulate the emission of any single cavity on a chip without affecting its surroundings in the absence of mechanical coupling between the structures, which is an important step toward freely controllable networks of OM phonon emitters. © 2018 Author(s).


2017

  • Optomechanical coupling in the Anderson-localization regime

    García P.D., Bericat-Vadell R., Arregui G., Navarro-Urrios D., Colombano M., Alzina F., Sotomayor-Torres C.M. Physical Review B; 95 (11, 115129) 2017. 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.115129. IF: 3.836

    Optomechanical crystals, purposely designed and fabricated semiconductor nanostructures, are used to enhance the coupling between the electromagnetic field and the mechanical vibrations of matter at the nanoscale. However, in real optomechanical crystals, imperfections open extra channels where the transfer of energy is lost, reducing the optomechanical coupling efficiency. Here, we quantify the role of disorder in a paradigmatic one-dimensional optomechanical crystal with full phononic and photonic band gaps. We show how disorder can be exploited as a resource to enhance the optomechanical coupling beyond engineered structures, thus providing a new tool set for optomechanics. © 2017 American Physical Society.